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History

Birmingham Civil Rights Institute Visit a replica of the cell where Martin Luther King, Jr., wrote the "Letter from Birmingham Jail"; view a replica of a bombed-out bus used by Freedom Riders; contemplate racially divided deli counters, bathrooms, and water fountains. 520 Sixteenth St., North, Birmingham, AL; +1 205 328 9696. Fee.

Conde Charlotte Museum House Plan a visit to the city's original jail, now furnished with antique items from each of Mobile's five historical periods: French, British, Spanish, Confederate, and American. 104 Theater St., Mobile, AL; +1 251 432 4722. Fee.

Early Works Museum Complex Tour three museums in one, featuring children's programs, local history, and 19th-century transportation respectively; see Civil War graffiti left by recovering soldiers; walk inside an original locomotive; see "villagers" making flame-toasted bread, building cabinets, or spinning thread. 404 Madison St., Huntsville, AL; +1 256 564 8100.

Fort Conde Museum Watch guides reenact 18th-century life at the fort; wander along the fortress walls, built by the French to defend against British and Spanish attack. 150 South Royal St., Mobile, AL; +1 251 208 7569.

Fort Gaines Tour the fort built by the French in the colony they once called "Massacre;" re-enact the 1711 pirate attack; imagine the clash between Confederate and Union troops during the Battle of Mobile Bay. 51 Bienville Blvd., Dauphin Island, AL; +1 251 861 6992. Fee.

Kelly Ingram Park Stroll through the site where African American protestors staged sit-ins and marches; grab an audio guide to explain the sculptures of snarling police dogs and incarcerated children. The park comprises a square block between 16th and 17th Sts. and 5th and 6th Avenues North, Birmingham, AL; +1 205 328 9696. Free, or fee with audio guide.

National Voting Rights Museum and Institute Hear the stories of Civil Rights activists; see footage from the beatings that took place right outside the museum on the Edmund Pettus Bridge in 1965. 1012 Water Ave., Selma, AL; +1 334 418 0800. Fee.

Phoenix Fire Museum Check out horse-drawn steam engines and fire department trucks from the early 1900s; learn how firefighting has changed during the last century. 203 South Claiborne St., Mobile, AL; +1 251 208 7569.

Rosa Parks Library and Museum Learn about the woman that started the Montgomery Bus Boycott; listen to stories from boycott participants; see sculptures and ongoing exhibits depicting the Civil Rights movement. 252 Montgomery St., Montgomery, AL; +1 334 241 8615. Fee.

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church Honor a landmark central to the Civil Rights movement, where a Ku Klux Klan bombing in 1963 killed four young girls, provoking a wave of protests critical to the successful passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. 16th St. and 6th Ave., Birmingham, AL; +1 205 251 9402. Donation.

Southern Museum of Flight Admire more than 40 vintage military and experimental aircraft; learn about outstanding flyers in the Alabama Aviation Hall of Fame; and practice piloting skills on flight simulators. 4343 73rd St. North, Birmingham, AL; +1 205 833 8226. Fee.

USS Alabama Battleship Memorial Park Scout out spy planes, a submarine, and tanks that saw action from World War I through Desert Storm; pilot a flight simulator; watch war footage of soldiers in battle. 2703 Battleship Parkway, Mobile, AL; +1 251 433 2703; Fee.

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